Dr. Carroll Butler, DDS in Kerrville, Texas Carroll R. Butler D.D.S., P.A.
Family Dentistry in Kerrville, Texas

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   Laser Gum Treatment, Perio, etc.
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Gum Treatments, Periodontal Disease

Peridontal disease is an infection of the tissues that suppport your teeth. Your gum tissue is not attached to the teeth as high as it may seem. There is a very shallow v-shaped crevice called a sulcus between the tooth and gums. Periodontal diseases attack just below the gum line in the sulcus, where they cause the attachment of the tooth and its supporting tissues to break down. As the tissues are damaged, the sulcus develops into a pocket: generally, the more severe the disease, the greater the depth of the pocket.

Periodontal Gum Disease

Periodontal diseases are classified according to the severity of the disease. The two major stages are gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is a milder and reversible form of periodontal disease that only affects the gums. Gingivitis may lead to more serious, destructive forms of periodontal disease called periodontitis.

Some factors increase the risk of developing periodontal disease:

Tobacco smoking or chewing
• Systemic diseases such as diabetes
• Somes types of medication such as steroids, some types    of anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs, some calcium channel blockers and oral constraceptives.
• Bridges that no longer fit properly
• Crooked teeth
• Fillings that have become defective
• Pregnancy or use of oral contraceptives
Several warning signs that can signal a problem:

• Gums that bleed easily
• Red, swollen, tender gums
• Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
• Persistent bad breath or bad taste
• Permanent teeth that are loose or separating
• Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite

Any change in the fit of partial dentures

Laser-assisted New Attachment Procedure is a standard gum surgery designed to treat periodontitis. If you have gum disease, and would like to reverse it, LANAP may be the right procedure for you! First, local anesthesia is administered. Second, a short-duration laser pulse is used on the pockets around the patient's afflicted teeth, which are probed down, about a quarter of an inch. This destroys bacteria and pathologic proteins near the root. Third, connective tissue is preserved, while infected tissue is destroyed. Typically, two or three passes with the laser clear the infected pocket.

It is possible to have periodontal disease and have no warning signs...

That is one reason why regular dental checkups and peridontal examinations are very important. Treatment methods depend upon the type of disease and how far the condition has progressed. Good oral hygiene at home is essential to help keep periodontal disease from becoming more serious or recurring. You don't have to lose teeth to periodontal disease.

Clean and floss between your teeth
Eat a balanced diet,
Schedule regular dental visits for a lifetime of healthy smiles.

Carroll R. Butler, DDS, P.A.
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